"General of the Armies of the United States, or more commonly referred to as General of the Armies, is the highest possible officer rank of the United States Army. Only two soldiers have been granted the rank of General of the Armies; John J. Pershing in 1919 to honor his service in World War I and George Washington in 1976, as part of the American bicentennial celebrations, to commemorate his leadership and involvement in the founding of the United States of America. Douglas MacArthur was considered for the rank, both during and after World War II, but a formal promotion order was never issued. The rank of General of the Armies is superior to, and should not be confused with, the five star rank of General of the Army used during World War II. Ulysses S. Grant, who held a Civil War rank called "General of the Army of the United States", exercised the same authority as a General of the Armies in all but name."