Dole Food Company is among three major fruit companies cited for exploiting workers in developing nations.  The company is named as a defendant in a wrongful death lawsuit filed on behalf of 73 heirs of victims of paramilitary violence in Colombia. .
In 2007, Nicaraguan plantation workers with Juan Dominguez as the lawyer representing them sued Dole claiming the use of illegal pesticides like Nemagon had made them sterile and over general mistreatment. The suit and two others were subsequently thrown out by California courts after it was concluded that “[c]ontrary to their sworn testimony, most of the plaintiffs never worked on Dole-affiliated banana farms and none were involved in the DBCP application process”, while other lawsuits are pending in U.S. and Nicaraguan courts.
Swedish director Fredrik Gertten made a documentary film about Dominguez and the banana workers, completed before the finding of fraudulent testimony. The movie Bananas!* premiered in the 2009 Los Angeles Film Festival, with Dole threatening to sue the festival if they allowed it to participate in the documentary film competition.  Although the film was screened with a disclaimer from the festival, Gertten was subsequently sued for defamation by Dole.