But.....it was on the 6-day war.......not the whole thing
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I will tell you the whole Story.
---------- Post added at 04:31 PM ---------- Previous post was at 04:30 PM ----------
In 1972, Sadat was frustrated by diplomatic failures to dislodge the Israelis from areas occupied in the 1967 war. He determined that war was his only viable alternative. However, he realized that Soviet-support would not be forthcoming because of detente. He also realized that Egypt was outmatched by Israel's superior military equipment. Thus, his only hope for victory lay in a surprise attack. This requirement for victory was implemented by secret planning at the highest levels and by a brilliant, sophisticated plan of deception intended to catch the Israelis off-guard. A broad-front offensive limited in depth was planned to stretch along the length of the Suez Canal. Syria agreed to open a second front. Egypt's surprise assault over the Suez was successful, and a number of initial counterattacks were repulsed. Israel had been lulled into complacency. However, it quickly beat back the Syrians, destroyed their navy, and invaded Syria, fighting up to the outskirts of Damascus. To put pressure off the Syrians, the Egyptians thrusted deeper into the Sinai, but were torn up. Israel then broke through Egyptian lines, invaded Egypt, damaged their naval and air forces, dented their missile shield, and advanced to 101 kilometers from Cairo. Casualties totalled 2,688 Israelis, 15,000 Egyptians, and 3,500 Syrians.
Israel won militarily, in tactical, strategic, and material terms.
1- Sinai & Golan were occupied by IDF in 1967 ( 6 years prior to YK war. Accordingly, the Arabic armies were attacking to liberate their occupied lands. Such is rated as a legitimate attack according to international law. The war declared targets were the liberation of the 1967 occupied Arab territories
2- The War started while IDF was occupying Sinai including the Suez Canal east bank. The military actions ended officially (not actually) on the 24th of October with the following situation:-
- The Egyptian 2nd army occupies 90 Km length of the 180Km length Eastern canal bank with a depth of 7 to 10 Km
- The Egyptian 3rd army occupies 70Kms length of the Eastern canal bank with a depth of 7 to 12 Km.
- IDF occupies 90 Km of the Western canal bank with a depth of 20 Km. This area includes scattered Egyptian army positions that were bypassed during the actions &
remained active during the ceasefire period. In addition the 3rd army land supply lines were cut by IDF.
- The IDF at the west of the Canal was bounded with the Egyptian army troops while having long threatened routes to its logistic bases east in Sinai. IDF positions on the 24th of Oct were vulnerable. This led to the 1st disengagement treaty as illustrated in the next paragraph
3- The war Ended on the 18th of Jan by signing the first disengagement treaty where IDF withdrew from the west of the Canal to 30 Kms inside Sinai with a 10 km buffer area with the Egyptian army. This treaty was signed without any political commitments from the Egyptian side.
It may be confirmed that the Egyptian army has changed the forces positions on the ground in his favor by his military operations in YK war. This change was rejected by Israel during all peace negotiations that took place after 1967 war. Due to the War outcome, Israel was forced to accept it.