The Igloo, Northern Canada
The igloo, (Inuit language: iglu) or 'snow house' is a dome shaped structure constructed from blocks of snow. While igloos are mainly associated with the Inuit people of Canada's Arctic and Greenland, they have also become part Canada's cultural identity. Igloos have traditionally ranged in size from small, one-person overnight shelters to large ceremonial complexes linked by smaller igloos. The igloo is renowned both for its spiral dome and its ability to protect the inhabitants from the cold. The dome's blocks are cut diagonally with a snow knife or rip saw, and gently slope inward toward the top of the roof. As for warmth, a well-built igloo with a soapstone lamp could bring the temperature up to around 0C when it's -40C outside. Igloos are primarily used now in northern Canada by those hunting or fishing in the high Arctic.
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